Blithely We Go

In 2008, Edward Robb Ellis’s, A Diary of the Century: Tales from America’s Greatest Diarist, was published. In it, the retired journalist chronicled his life from 1927 to 1995, keeping track of what was happening in his life, and the world.

On May 29, 1940, just as the day was ending, he wrote:

Why am I writing this? Because I want to preserve a record of the mood of the people of this period. And what do I succeed in doing? Merely demonstrating how vague is our comprehension of those horrific events beyond the horizon, how unsure we are of their relationship to us, how unstable seems the future and yet, how blithely we go our accustomed ways.1

How blithely we go. 

Over at Simple Justice, Scott Greenfield writes about the banal happenings in the life of a criminal prosecution. A “baby prosecutor” — not a prosecutor of babies; I’m not sure if we’ve stooped that low yet; but an inexperienced, young prosecutor — failed to turn over exculpatory evidence to the defense.

Meh. As I said, a banal happening.

But it made the news because a judge took offense.

I recall the Defense asking before the trial started for any notes that the People had in their possession, and you blithely said, “No, we don’t have any notes.” It turned out, unfortunately, to be a lie.

The judge then threw the prosecutor out of his courtroom, and threw out the case as well.

That’s at least local news, maybe.2 But that one judge threw a fit about it will, at best, most likely constitute nothing more than a temporary blip on the radar of one District Attorney’s office.

Nothing more.

The Daily News, which includes a partial transcript of the judge’s scolding of Bronx ADA Megan Teesdale, quotes lawyer Joel Rudin:

“For something like this to happen shows they have a rotten system and it starts at the top,” Rudin said. “This is the kind of thing that should lead to an investigation of the whole office.”

Should lead.

Won’t lead.

Blithely we go.

There will be those — including, no doubt, those within the office of the Bronx District Attorney’s Office — who will point out that a supervisor brought the Brady material to the judge’s attention.

See? No problem. Nothing to see. Everybody move on. Blithely we go, now. Blithely we go.

Except, as Scott points out, this outing by the judge, and supervising prosecutor…

It’s not much, but compared to deep-sixing the Brady, it’s huge.

There’s the part that transforms the banal happening into “news.” I mean, a prosecutor deep-sixing Brady isn’t news. That might be news to someone.

Not to judges.

I was admitted to the bar in April of 1987, and I was, at the time, an Assistant District Attorney in the Bronx DA’s Office. … I also served as a defense lawyer and 18B counsel. I’ve tried homicides; I have tried child molestation cases; and I have tried drug cases.

I have now been on this bench nine years and three months. In all that time, as a prosecutor, as defense lawyer, as judge, I have never once seen a Brady violation as egregious as this.

Notice what the judge said?

I have never once seen a Brady violation as egregious as this.

He didn’t say, “I have never once seen a Brady violation.” He said,

I have never once seen a Brady violation as egregious as this.

So it’s not news to the judge that Brady violations happen. He just thinks — for reasons not explicated — that it’s worse in this particular case than all the other times he’s seen it.

Nor is it news to defense attorneys. Back to defense attorney Joel Rudin:

Brady violations often go unpunished within city District Attorney’s offices, according to lawyer Joel Rudin.

So, no. It’s not news that some prosecutor deep-sixed Brady material.

Back to defense attorney Scott Greenfield:

It’s not much, but compared to deep-sixing the Brady, it’s huge.

Why? Why is this “huge” when “compared to deep-sixing the Brady“?

It’s huge just because deep-sixing Brady material is a banal happening. Every criminal defense attorney who practices for a few minutes — even as an intern — quickly learns that Brady material is like the Holy Grail. We earnestly pursue exculpatory evidence for our clients. It is the cup that we never see, known only to the prosecution and one or more of its witnesses, which cup dutifully receives our client’s blood on cross-examination. 

Jurors — justice’s pagans, who must be instructed on everything from the law (by judges) to what verdict they must bring (by “expert witnesses” and prosecutors) — know nothing of its existence. They might be horrified to learn of its existence, and that it was held back.

Well, some might be.

But wait! What about the defense investigation? Why can’t the defense find the same information that the prosecutors found. I mean, it’s just evidence, right? And police and prosecutors aren’t the only people in the world who know how to investigate, are they? Isn’t all this griping about prosecutors hiding exculpatory evidence just belly-aching from defense attorneys and their clients, too lazy or cheap to perform their own investigation?

Nope.

First of all, in nearly all cases, the prosecutor has access to witnesses to whom the defense will never have an opportunity to speak. You might be surprised to hear this, but contrary to what Matlock, or any number of other crime shows on TV might show, defense attorneys almost never get to speak to complaining witnesses — the so-called “victims.” And Brady doesn’t exist in a vacuum. I wish I had a dollar for every time I’ve heard that a witness was told by the prosecution not to speak to the defense.3

Secondly, in many cases I’ve handled — primarily sex cases — the law arguably forbids the defense from conducting an investigation.4 I have a case right now where some young girls have almost certainly falsely accused a man of molesting them. Their statements to the police have been — at best — highly inconsistent. The police and prosecution investigators have talked to them repeatedly. Their parents hired attorneys to sue, and they have talked to them extensively. They’ve spoken to numerous social workers, psychotherapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, doctors, schoolteachers, school administrators, relatives, friends…and who knows who else? Just about everyone in the world but the defense, which is forbidden by law from speaking to them until and unless I get to do so during a trial. Unsurprisingly, their testimony has evolved, in a way that does not benefit my client, with each interview  they give to everyone-else-but-us. And we cannot even subpoena most of the records of these conversations.

Do you think there will be any Brady material in this case? You bet your ass there will be. Do you think the defense will ever see it? Hell no!

And why?

Because prosecutors get away with deep-sixing Brady material virtually every day of the week, every week of the month, every month of the year, every year of their careers. People’s lives are ruined, but it’s usually not the lives of prosecutors. Real victims don’t get justice, because more often than you (or they) realize, the wrong person is on trial for a real crime that was committed by a real criminal who escaped being held culpable.

But, hey, it’s not you, right? It’s not me. No harm. No foul.

That’s the mood of the people of this period.

When once in a blue moon, someone is caught deep-sixing Brady. It’s typically no big deal. That’s why what Judge John Wilson did was, as Scott put it, “huge.” That’s why it made the news.

We should investigate. We could investigate. But we ain’t gunna do it. Because, demonstrating how vague is our comprehension of those horrific events happening every day, how unsure we are of their relationship to us…blithely we go our accustomed ways.


Endnotes:

  1. Edward Robb Ellis,A Diary of the Century: Tales from America’s Greatest Diarist, p. 107 (2008). []
  2. And, of course, myself and some others are maybe trying to ensure it doesn’t remain just local news. []
  3. The times when I’ve had someone willing to say this publicly, so that I might complain to a judge, the prosecutors deny it. “They asked if they had to speak to the defense. I only told them that they didn’t have to speak to the defense. I didn’t tell them not to speak to the defense. Your honor. (*snicker*)” []
  4. In particular, check out our wonderful Cal Const, Art. I § 28(b)(5). See also Kling v. Superior Court, 50 Cal.4th 1068, 1080, 116 Cal.Rptr.3d 217 (2010). []

About Rick Horowitz

Rick Horowitz is a criminal defense attorney with an extreme dislike of the criminal "justice" system which routinely ignores the Constitution, the Law, and the lives it ruins.

In addition to this blog, Rick also writes at Fresno Criminal Defense.

Comments

  1. Daniel Hildebrandt, Sr says:

    How in the hell does Art. I § 28(b)(5) of the CA constitution reconcile with the 6th amendment right to face your accuser?

    • California courts say, “You get the right to face your accuser in court. You just don’t get to do any investigation regarding them unless they allow it.”

      See? No Fourth Amendment issue: you get to face them in court, however ineffectively that might be.

  2. Janine Wonnacott says:

    Getting my MA in psychology, I read a lot of Elizabeth Loftus and others, about the unreliability of eye-witness testimony. My professor was an expert witness in such a case. I was furious at the legal system for allowing eye-witness testimony without also mentioning the unreliability of it.

    My husband has been practicing law as a solo practitioner for 5 years. He sees the police lying, has paper in front of him saying the police testifying is lying, but can’t challenge the officer on it. I read about Brady violations and I am horrified and indignant.

    My question is: What can I do?

    I’m a good writer. When I was a freelance magazine writer, I got published in national magazines, mostly history and war and martial arts, and local magazines, mostly local history. I wrote letters of the editor that got published. Now, I write letters to my congressmen and senators.

    But I don’t know who to write to about Brady. I don’t know what magazines to query. News? Law journals? Popular magazines? Political magazines, both left and right? I don’t have a law degree; my highest degree is an MA psychology. Would I even be listened to?

    So what can I do to help?

    • Writing letters to your congresspersons and senators sounds like a good start to me.

      • Janine Wonnacott says:

        Asking them to be aware of the issue?

        Asking them to impeach judges?

        Asking them to pass laws with teeth?